The Low Income
Home Energy Assistance Program was authorized by Title XXVI of
the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 and began in 1982.
Its purpose is "to assist low-income households, particularly
those with the lowest income, that pay a high proportion of
household income for home energy, primarily in meeting their
immediate home energy needs." LIHEAP was designed to provide
help to low-income households with a minimum of government
bureaucracy and a maximum of involvement by civic institutions.